6. Pilot Data Summaries

6.1 Introduction

Sampling was purposeful, and intended to capture frequent harvesters. Peer referral was used by asking Community Research Assistants and Steering Committee members from each community to identify and interview experienced harvesters. These data are not representative and thus, the following summaries do not include tests of statistical significance.

Two surveys were administered, a pre-harvest and a post-harvest. Because of difficulties in the administration of the post-harvest survey only the results from the pre-harvest survey are presented.

The pre-harvest survey consisted of two portions, one focused on aspects of a specific harvest event, the other focused on observed environmental changes. A respondent could fill out the harvest section of the survey more than once for each species he/she harvested. The environmental portion could only be filled out once, thus there are different sample sizes for each subject. Due to the nature of the project, and community-based research in general, some data were unusable and some surveys had missing answers. Quantitative and qualitative methods were employed which may also result in different sample sizes for specific responses. An explanation is provided for each circumstance that varies from the sample sizes presented below (see Table 1).

Different parameters are sometimes presented for different communities. This is a result of different species harvested (i.e. non-fish harvesting communities were not asked about the timing of fish runs) and different trends in the data. Predominant trends are presented. Complete data will be made available upon request. These data summaries are synopses of the survey results. They are not interpretative analyses and thus do not contain conclusions or make generalizations about the meaning of the results.

Average age for participants from all communities was 45 (see Table 2) and participants were predominately male (see Table 3).

6.2 Survey Results Summaries

6.2.1 The Sample

The BSSN community in this survey is represented by 246 people. Different age groups are represented (see Table 2). The gender of participants is balanced with 65.3 percent male and 34.7 percent female (see Table 3). Harvested species are summarized in Table 4 for each community. The majority have lived in the area for more than 30 years (70.5 %). 42.5 percent have also harvested in the same area for more than 30 years. Thus the majority of participants have accumulated several decades of observations of the local environment.

Table 1. Sample sizes from each community for two different portions of the survey

Village Overall Sample Harvest Environmental % of Overall Sample with 11 Years or More Harvesting Experience
Gambell 49 42 49 94%
Kanchalan 43 47 43 82%
Nikolskoye 29 61 29 90%
Sand Point 18 19 18 78%
Togiak 69 70 69 89%
Tymlat 38 48 38 80%
Total Sample 246 287 246 86%

 

Table 2. Age of participants from each community

Villages Gambell Kanchalan Nikolskoye Sand Point Togiak Tymlat All Villages
18-25 5 (10%) 1 (2%) 0 (0%) 5(28%) 5 (7%) 1 (2%) 17 (8%)
26-35 8 (16%) 2 (5%) 5 (17%) 5 (28%) 17 (25%) 11 (29%) 48 (20%)
36-45 16 (33%) 18 (42%) 6 (21%) 2 (11%) 18 (26%) 13 (34%) 73 (28%)
46-55 14 (29%) 14 (33%) 8 (28%) 5 (28%) 12 (17%) 4 (11%) 57 (24%)
56-65 5 (10%) 7 (16%) 4 (14%) 1 (6%) 15 (22%) 5 (13%) 37 (14%)
Over 65 1 (2%) 1 (2%) 6 (21%) 0 (0%) 2 (3%) 4 (11%) 14 (7%)
Total 49 (100%) 43 (100%) 29 (100%) 18 (100%) 69 (100%) 38 (100%) 246 (101%)*
Average Age 46 48 51 37 43 45 45

*due to rounding

Table 3. Gender of participants

Villages Gender Gambell Kanchalan Nikolskoye Sand Point Togiak Tymlat All Villages
M 71% 72% 79% 61% 57% 52% 65%
F 29% 28% 21% 39% 43% 48% 35%

 

Table 4. Composition of sampled harvests

Species Caught Gambell Kanchalan Nikolskoye Sand Point Togiak Tymlat
Bowhead Whale (Balaena mysticeti)
Walrus (Odobenus rosmarus),Seal (Phocidae& Otarii-dae)
Emperor Geese (Chen canagica)
Shee Fish (Stenodus leucichthys)
Salmon unspecified (Oncorhynchus)
Silver Salmon (Oncorhynchus Kisutch)
Red Salmon (Oncorhynchus nerka)
Pink Salmon (Oncorhynchus gorbuscha)
Chum Salmon (Oncorhynchus keta)
Arctic Char (Salvelinus alpinus)
Pacific Cod (Gadus macrocephalus)
Halibut (Hippoglossus pleuronectidae)
Plaice (Pleuronectes quadrituberculatus)
Atka Mackerel (Pleurogrammus monopterygius)
Smelt (Thaleichthys pacificus)
Broad Whitefish (Coregonus nasus)
Arctic Grayling (Thymallus arcticus)
Trout (Salmoninae)
Pike (Esox Lucius)
Crab (Decapoda)
Shellfish (Mollusca)
Other